In its conclusions of June 2019, the European Council invited the Presidency to develop the MFF negotiating framework. On this basis, EU Heads of State and Government will organise an exchange of views in October with a view to reaching an agreement before the end of the year. Another negotiating tactic is Bad Guy/Good Guy. Bad Guy / Good Guy is when a negotiator acts like a villain using anger and threats. The other negotiator acts like a good guy by being caring and understanding. The good holds evil responsible for all difficulties, while trying to obtain concessions and the approval of the adversary.  Action intentions affect different stages of the negotiation: which strategies are to be used, which strategies are actually retained as the other party and its intentions, their willingness to reach an agreement and the final results of the negotiations.  Positive affectivity (PA) and negative affectivity (NO) of one or more parties to negotiations can lead to very different outcomes. 7 discourage, discourage; Reducing the courage or hope of a human being Negative effects have a negative impact on different stages of the negotiation process.
Although various negative emotions influence the outcome of negotiations, anger is by far the most studied. Angry negotiators are considering using more competitive strategies and cooperating less before negotiations even begin.  These competition strategies are linked to reduced common outcomes. . . .