A full copy of the agreement is available on the US Navy website: www.navy.mil/navydata/people/cno/Richardson/Message/CNO_US_Japan_UK_2016_Trilateral_Agreement.pdf The Sola TS was concerned about the situation. However, as Ingstad did not provide data on the Automatic Identification System (AIS), neither the Sola TS nor the shore transport station were able to identify the frigate to warn them of the imminent danger. Repeated warnings to the Ingstad after it was identified could not change it until a few seconds before the collision. The heavily loaded tanker could not escape. The trilateral free trade agreement`s emphasis and the frequent assertions by U.S. officials and officials about the economic importance of the South China Sea make the region an obvious priority for future cooperation efforts. An increased presence in the region, both individually and collectively, through multinational exercises or patrols, would help to enforce the standards of maritime freedom of action, while an increase in their interoperability and effectiveness in combating it would be a credible deterrent against any power that could threaten maritime trade, rights and access in the region. Saxony-Klasse (F124) is the air defence frigate of the ARGE F124, a consortium consisting of Blohm-Voss as The Sachsen Class (F124), a German air defence frigate built by THE ARGE F124, a consortium consisting of Blohm-Voss as the main shipyard, the German shipyard Howaldtwerke and Thyssen Nordseeen. In January 2005, the three companies were part of ThyssenKrupp Marine Systems. In an incident that received little media attention in Australia, the 5,300-tonne Norwegian frigate KNM Helge Ingstad sank in a Norwegian fjord following a collision with the large Maltese oil tanker Sola TS. This new agreement has been signed at the services level, which means that it does not have the strength of a formal treaty and does not impose new defence requirements on the three countries that already share alliance structures.
The United States and Britain are contractual allies of NATO and have close ties between defence and the secret services (the “special relationship”), but do not have a formal bilateral defence commitment. On the other hand, Japan and the United States maintain both close defence relations and formal bilateral defence commitments through the Treaty on Mutual Cooperation and Security. NFR-90 (NATO Frigate Replacement for 90s) was a multinational program to create a joint frigate for several NATO countries. However, the different requirements of the different countries led to the abandonment of the project in the early 1990s.   Finally, this trilateral group operated together near Yokosuka, Japan, in an anti-submarine warfare exercise. The Royal Navy Type 23 frigate HMS Montrose (F236), the Murasame-class destroyer js Murasame (DD-101), a Japanese P-1 patrol aircraft, a P-8A Poseidon U.S. maritime patrol aircraft and a JMSDF submarine were reunited for a pacific-style fighter exercise. Earlier, in December 2018, the three JMSDF JS Izumo helicopter fighters (DDH 183), type 23 frigate HMS Argyll (F231), a U.S. Navy submarine and a U.S. P-8A for ASW drilling during a two-day exercise in the Philippine Sea.